Popular Myths in Psychology (part 2)
Without further ado, here goes:
Myth no. 4: People with schizophrenia have multiple personalities
I’m making this easier for myself:
Schizophrenia is characterized by profound disruption in cognition and emotion, affecting the most fundamental human attributes: language, thought, perception, affect, and sense of self. The array of symptoms, while wide ranging, frequently includes psychotic manifestations, such as hearing internal voices or experiencing other sensations not connected to an obvious source (hallucinations) and assigning unusual significance or meaning to normal events or holding fixed false personal beliefs (delusions). No single symptom is definitive for diagnosis; rather, the diagnosis encompasses a pattern of signs and symptoms, in conjunction with impaired occupational or social functioning (Source: DSM-IV -available for purchase on Amazon.com Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR).
Basically, schizophrenia has several different symptoms, everything from voices to delusional thoughts, and is never the same for anyone.
For more information: http://www.schizophrenia.com/diag.php#common
Myth no. 5: Opposites attract
Yeah, that’s bs. People are not magnets. Seriously!
“Psychologist Donn Byrne has found that we are twice as likely to be attracted to someone when we agree on six out of 10 issues than we are with someone who we only agree with on three out of 10 issues.” (http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=busting-the-myth-that-opposites-att-10-08-31)
Myth no. 6: Subliminal messages
Subliminal messages are very famous in popular media, like movies and especially self-help recordings. Probably the most famous case is that of James Vicary who, in 1957, claimed to have used subliminal messages in movie theatres to make people eat more popcorn and drink more coke. He later admitted that it was all a lie. But this started something. It is believed to be everywhere. We are constantly being manipulated to do stuff.
But seriously, guys. There are no definite proof that subliminal messages work, and there has been a lot of research on this topic. So don’t worry!
Want to read more about subliminal messages?
– Saira 😉